Bird hazard may not be the first risk that comes to mind when stepping aboard an aircraft today, but bird strikes (i.e. aircraft collisions with birds and other wildlife) are a major risk exposure for airlines and their insurers. Consider the following: flying is an increasingly popular mode of transportation; air traffic worldwide is increasing and natural habitats around airports tend to be home to wildlife. According to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), some 72,526 strikes were reported to civil aircraft in the U.S. from 1990 to 2006. Birds were involved in 97.5 percent of the strikes, terrestrial mammals in 2.2 percent, bats in 0.2 percent, and reptiles in 0.1 percent. The number of strikes annually has quadrupled from 1,743 in 1990 to 7,089 in 2006. Further, the annual cost of wildlife strikes to the U.S. civil aviation industry is estimated at in excess of $603 million and experts say the risk is growing. The Bird Strike Committee annual meeting features a wide variety of presentations on how to mitigate the bird strike hazard. Check out further I.I.I. facts on aviation.