Maritime Piracy Falls, But Dangers Remain

Piracy on the world’s seas has reached a five-year low, with 297 ships attacked in 2012, compared with 439 in 2011, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) International Maritime Bureau (IMB) global piracy report revealed today.

Worldwide  numbers  fell  thanks to a huge reduction in Somali piracy, though East and West Africa remain the worst hit areas, with 150 attacks in 2012, according to the IMB report.

Globally, 174 ships were boarded by pirates last year, while 28 were hijacked and 28 were fired upon. IMB’s Piracy Reporting Centre also recorded 67 attempted attacks.

The number of people taken hostage onboard fell to 585 from 802 in 2011, while a further 26 were kidnapped for ransom in Nigeria. Six crewmembers were killed and 32 were injured or assaulted.

A press release cites Captain Pottengal Mukundan, Director of IMB:

IMB’s piracy figures show a welcome reduction in hijackings and attacks to ships. But crews must remain vigilant, particularly in the highly dangerous waters off East and West Africa.†

In Somalia and the Gulf of Aden, just 75 ships reported attacks in 2012 compared with 237 in 2011, accounting for 25% of incidents worldwide. The number of Somali hijackings was halved from 28 in 2011 to 14 last year.

IMB says navies are deterring piracy off Africa’s east coast, with pre-emptive strikes and robust action against mother ships. So too are private armed security teams and crews’ application of “Best Management Practices†.

But the threat and capability of heavily armed Somali pirates remains strong.

Follow the IMB record of piracy and armed robbery incidents on Twitter and view latest attacks on the IMB Live Piracy Map.

The Washington Post has more on this story.

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