Tianjin: A Reminder of Insurance Need in Developing Countries

The explosions at the Port of Tianjin, China could ultimately become one of the largest man-made insurance loss events worldwide ever recorded, according to Swiss Re sigma.

Based on Swiss Re’s latest estimates, the total insured property loss of the Tianjin explosions is likely to be around USD 2.5 billion to USD 3.5 billion, making it the largest man-made insured loss event in Asia ever recorded.

Tianjin currently ranks as the third largest man-made insured global loss (in 2015 dollars), behind the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania and the 1988 Piper Alpha oil rig disaster.

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The Tianjin experience highlights the new potential risks facing developing countries with rapidly-developing economies, according to the latest sigma study.

2015 was the third year in a row that the biggest man-made loss globally originated from an emerging market, a reminder of the importance of insurance for developing countries, sigma says.

“The event shows the large loss potential in a country like China, with a fast-growing economy. If further evidence is needed, in 2013 a fire at a major high-tech semiconductor plant in Wuxi, also in China, caused insured losses of USD 0.9 billion.”

Financial protection through insurance is key to restoring business operations and recouping losses, sigma notes.

Accurate assessment of exposures, appropriate coverage terms and adequate pricing are likewise crucial:

“For re/insurers, they need to actively identify monitor and manage exposures in hazard zones and in areas with high asset-value concentrations.”

The complexities of the Tianjin loss have challenged re/insurers, and highlighted the accumulation of risks that can arise from a single large-scale industrial catastrophe event.

While destroyed and damaged vehicles account for most of the Tianjin losses, uncertainties remain as to the types of insurance policies involved.

Property and cargo present major risk accumulation factors in ports, especially in big centers like Tianjin, sigma observes.

The Insurance Information Institute has useful facts and statistics on man-made disasters here.

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