Entries tagged with “World Economic Forum”.
Did you find what you wanted?
Thursday, January 15, 2015
Posted by Claire under Emerging Risks, Regulation
How to balance the risks and rewards of emerging technologies is a key underlying theme of the just-released World Economic Forum (WEF) 2015 Global Risks Report.
The rapid pace of innovation in emerging technologies, from synthetic biology to artificial intelligence has far-reaching societal, economic and ethical implications, the report says.
Developing regulatory environments that can adapt to safeguard their rapid development and allow their benefits to be reaped, while also preventing their misuse and any unforeseen negative consequences is a critical challenge for leaders.
John Drzik, president of Global Risk and Specialties at Marsh, says:
Innovation is critical to global prosperity, but also creates new risks. We must anticipate the issues that will arise from emerging technologies, and develop the safeguards and governance to prevent avoidable disasters.”
The growing complexity of new technologies, combined with a lack of scientific knowledge about their future evolution and often a lack of transparency, makes them harder for both individuals and regulatory bodies to understand.
But the current regulatory framework is insufficient, the WEF says. While regulations are comprehensive in some specific areas, they are weak or non-existent in others.
It gives the example of two kinds of self-flying aeroplane: the use of autopilot on commercial aeroplanes has long been tightly regulated, whereas no satisfactory national and international policies have yet been defined for the use of drones.
Even if the ramifications of technologies could be foreseen as they emerge, the trade-offs would still need to be considered. As the WEF says:
Would the large-scale use of fossil fuels for industrial development have proceeded had it been clear in advance that it would lift many out of poverty but introduce the legacy of climate change?”
Geopolitical and societal risks dominate the 2015 report. Interstate conflict with regional consequences is viewed as the number one global risk in terms of likelihood, with water crisis ranking highest in terms of impact.
The report also provides analysis related to global risks for which respondents feel their own region is least prepared, as highlighted in this infographic:
The report was developed with the support of Marsh & McLennan Companies and Zurich Insurance Group and with the collaboration of its academic advises: the Oxford Martin School (University of Oxford), the National University of Singapore, the Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center (University of Pennsylvania), and the Advisory Board of the Global Risks 2015 report.
Tuesday, January 21, 2014
Posted by Claire under Climate Change, Emerging Risks, Environment
Climate change is among the five most likely and most potentially impactful global risks, according to the just-released World Economic Forum (WEF) 2014 Global Risks Report.
The report assesses 31 risks that are global in nature and have the potential to cause significant negative impact across entire countries and industries if they take place.
An analysis of the five risks considered most likely and most impactful since 2007 shows that environmental risks, such as climate change, extreme weather events and water scarcity, have become more prominent since 2011 (see chart above).
This suggests a pressing need for better public information about the potential consequences of environmental threats, the WEF says.
Concern about socio-economic risks such as income disparity, unemployment and fiscal crises has become more prominent over the years.
The report reveals that fiscal crises and structural unemployment and underemployment are among the most impactful risks while the latter also feature among those most likely to occur. This has knock-on effects on income disparities, which is regarded as the overall most likely risk, the WEF notes.
Cyber attacks and the breakdown of critical information infrastructure also feature among the most prominent risks in this yearâ€™s report.
The WEF notes:
This arguably reflects the increasing digitization of economies and societies, where rising dependence on information and data, as well as the systems to analyze and use them, has made attacks more likely and their effects more impactful.â€
WEF note: Global risks may not be strictly comparable across years, as definitions and the set of global risks have been revised with new issues having emerged on the 10-year horizon. For example, cyber attacks, income disparity and unemployment entered the set of global risks in 2012. Some global risks were reclassified: water supply crises and income disparity were reclassified as environmental and societal risks, respectively, in 2014.
The report is published in collaboration with Marsh & McLennan Companies, Swiss Re, Zurich Insurance Group, National University of Singapore, Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford, Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center, University of Pennsylvania.
Thursday, January 10, 2013
Posted by Claire under Emerging Risks, Insurers and the Economy
There are many takeaways from the World Economic Forum Global Risks 2013 reportÂ â€“ too many for one blog post.
One of this yearâ€™s key findings is that the world is more at risk as persistent economic weakness saps our ability to tackle environmental challenges.
The report is developed from a survey of over 1,000 experts from industry, government, academia and civil society who were asked to review a landscape of 50 global risks.
The global risk that respondents rated most likely to manifest over the next 10 years is severe income disparity, while the risk rated as having the highest impact if it were to manifest is major systemic financial failure.
There are also two risks that appear in the top five of both impact and likelihood: chronic fiscal imbalances and water supply crisis.
Unforeseen consequences of life science technologies was the biggest mover among global risks when assessing likelihood, the WEF says, while unforeseen negative consequences of regulation moved the most on the impact scale when comparing the result with last yearâ€™s.
The report also introduces three risk cases, based on an analysis of survey results: Testing Economic and Environmental Resilience, Digital Wildfires in a Hyperconnected World and The Dangers of Hubris on Human Health.
Over at the Forum blog, a post titled Global Risks 2013 by numbers offers some revealing facts and figures from this yearâ€™s report.
The report is published in cooperation with Marsh & McLennan Cos, Swiss Re, the Wharton Center for Risk Management and Zurich.