Much hay is being made of an apparent decline in the number of identity theft victims and losses, amid an ongoing number of significant data breaches.
The headlines follow release of the 2015 Identity Fraud Study by Javelin Strategy & Research. The study found that there were 12.7 million identity fraud victims in 2014, down 3 percent from the near record high of 13.1 million victims in 2013.
At the same time, some $16 billion was stolen from fraud victims in 2014, an 11 percent decline from $18 billion in 2013. Javelin attributes the decrease to the combined efforts of industry, consumers and monitoring and protection systems that are catching fraud more quickly.
As we know, 2014 saw a number of major data breaches, notably from retailers Home Depot, Neiman Marcus, Staples and Michael’s as well as financial institutions such as JP Morgan Chase.
But lest you think that the swift response to data breaches has nullified the identity theft threat, think again.
Javelin found that two-thirds of identity fraud victims in 2014 had previously received a data breach notification in the same year. Also, individuals whose credit or debit cards were breached in the past year were nearly three times more likely to be an identity fraud victim.
Meanwhile, identity theft just topped the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) national ranking of consumer complaints for the third consecutive year, accounting for 13 percent of all complaints.
Government documents/benefits fraud (39 percent) was the most common form of reported identity theft, followed by credit card fraud (17 percent), phone or utilities fraud (13 percent), and bank fraud (8 percent), the FTC said.
Whether or not identity theft is caused by a data breach (remember, stolen laptops, wallets, dumpster diving, phishing scams are some of the most common causes of identity theft), or whether an individual even knows how their information was compromised (many don’t), it’s important to stay vigilant to this threat.
A 3 percent decline in identity fraud victims in one year isn’t much. As Al Pascual, director of fraud & security at Javelin notes:
Wondering if your homeowners insurance policy includes coverage for identity theft? Check out these useful tips from the I.I.I.