The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) released a study yesterday examining the sudden and precipitous increase in pedestrian fatalities in the past seven years. Pedestrian fatalities in the U.S. have risen by 46 percent since 2009. Approximately 6,000 pedestrians were killed by motor vehicles on or along the nation’s roads in 2016, the latest year for which data is available. The rate of increase is far greater than those for all other traffic-related deaths.
The study looked at pedestrian crash trends to identify the circumstances under which the largest increases occurred. Roadway, environmental, personal and vehicle factors were examined to see how they changed over the study period.
One of the factors leading to more pedestrian deaths, is the increasing presence of SUVs on roads in the U.S. The number of SUVs involved in single-vehicle pedestrian deaths increased 81 percent between 2009 and 2016.
SUVs and other light trucks and vans provide more protection to their occupants, but increase the risk of severely injuring or killing pedestrians in an impact when compared with cars. Changes in the front-end design of these vehicles would help reduce the severity of pedestrian injuries in an impact.
Other improvements the report recommends include: adding safe and convenient crossing locations to roads, reducing speed limits, and improved headlights and street lights.