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THE TEN MOST COSTLY LARGE-LOSS FIRES IN U.S. HISTORY

($ millions)

      Estimated loss (1)
Rank Date Location/event Dollars when occurred In 2013 dollars (2)
1 Sep. 11, 2001 World Trade Center (terrorist attacks) $33,400 (3) $44,000 (3)
2 Apr. 18, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 350 9,000
3 Oct. 8-9, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 3,300
4 Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland, CA, fire storm 1,500 2,600
5 Oct. 20, 2007 San Diego County, CA, The Southern California Firestorm 1,800 2,000
6 Nov. 9, 1872 Great Boston Fire 75 1,500
7 Oct. 23, 1989 Pasadena, Texas, polyolefin plant 750 1,400
8 May 4, 2000 Los Alamos, NM, Cerro Grande wildland fire 1,000 1,400
9 Oct. 25, 2003 Julian, CA, Cedar wildland fire  1,100 1,300
10 Feb. 7, 1904 Baltimore, MD, Baltimore Conflagration 50 1,300

(1) Loss estimates are from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) records. The list is limited to fires for which some reliable dollar loss estimates exists.
(2) Adjustment to 2013 dollars made by the NFPA using the Consumer Price Index, including the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates of the index for historical times.
(3) Differs from inflation-adjusted estimates made by other organizations due to the use of different deflators.

Source: Reproduced with permission from Large-Loss Fires in the United States, 2013 by Stephen G. Badger, ©National Fire Protection Association. www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics.

 
THE TEN MOST COSTLY LARGE-LOSS FIRES IN U.S. HISTORY

($ millions)

      Estimated loss (1)
Rank Date Location/Event Dollars when occurred  In 2008 dollars (2)
1 Sep. 11, 2001 World Trade Center (terrorist attacks) $33,400 (3) $40,600 (3)
2 Apr. 18, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 350 8,300
3 Oct. 8-9, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 3,000
4 Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland, CA, fire storm 1,500 2,400
5 Oct. 20, 2007 San Diego County, CA, The Southern California Wildland Fires 1,800 1,900
6 Nov. 9, 1872 Great Boston Fire 75 1,300
7 Oct. 23, 1989 Pasadena, Texas, polyolefin plant 750 1,300
8 Oct. 25, 2003 Julian, CA, Wildfire (Cedar) 1,100 1,200
9 May 4, 2000 Los Alamos, NM, wildland fire 1,000 1,200
10 Feb. 7, 1904 Baltimore, MD, Baltimore Conflagration 50 1,200

(1) Loss estimates are from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) records. The list is limited to fires for which some reliable dollar loss estimate exists.
(2) Adjustment to 2008 dollars made by the NFPA using the Consumer Price Index, including the U.S. Census Bureau’s estimates of the index for historical times.
(3) Differs from estimates from other sources.

Source: National Fire Protection Association.

 
THE TEN MOST COSTLY LARGE-LOSS FIRES IN U.S. HISTORY

($ millions)

      Estimated loss (1)
Rank Date Location/event Dollars when occurred  In 2009 dollars (2)
1 Sep. 11, 2001 World Trade Center (terrorist attacks) $33,400 (3) $40,496 (3)
2 Apr. 18, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 350 8,326
3 Oct. 8-9, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 2,997
4 Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland, CA, fire storm 1,500 2,363
5 Oct. 20, 2007 San Diego County, CA, The Southern
California Wildland Fires
1,800 1,862
6 Nov. 9, 1872 Great Boston Fire 75 1,338
7 Oct. 23, 1989 Pasadena, Texas, polyolefin plant 750 1,299
8 Oct. 25, 2003 Julian, CA, Wildfire (Cedar) 1,060 1,237
9 May 5, 2004 Los Alamos, NM, wildland fire 1,000 1,247
10 Feb. 7, 1904 Baltimore, MD, Baltimore Conflagration 50 1,189

(1) Loss estimates are from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) records. The list is limited to fires for which some reliable dollar loss estimates exists.
(2) Adjustment to 2009 dollars made by the NFPA using the Consumer Price Index, including the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates of the index for historical times.
(3) Differs from estimates from other sources.

Source: National Fire Protection Association.

 
THE TEN MOST COSTLY LARGE-LOSS FIRES IN U.S. HISTORY

($ millions)

      Estimated loss (1)
Rank Date Location/event Dollars when occurred  In 2010 dollars (2)
1 Sep. 11, 2001 World Trade Center (terrorist attacks) $33,400 (3) $41,100 (3)
2 Apr. 18, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 350 8,500
3 Oct. 8-9, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 3,000
4 Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland, CA, fire storm 1,500 2,400
5 Oct. 20, 2007 San Diego County, CA, The Southern California Wildland Fires 1,800 1,900
6 Nov. 9, 1872 Great Boston Fire 75 1,400
7 Oct. 23, 1989 Pasadena, Texas, polyolefin plant 750 1,300
8 May 4, 2000 Los Alamos, NM, wildland fire 1,000 1,300
9 Oct. 25, 2003 Julian, CA, Wildfire (Cedar) 1,100 1,300
10 Feb. 7, 1904 Baltimore, MD, Baltimore Conflagration 50 1,200

(1) Loss estimates are from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) records. The list is limited to fires for which some reliable dollar loss estimates exists.
(2) Adjustment to 2010 dollars made by the NFPA using the Consumer Price Index, including the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates of the index for historical times.
(3) Differs from estimates from other sources.

Source: National Fire Protection Association.

 
THE TEN MOST COSTLY LARGE-LOSS FIRES IN U.S. HISTORY

($ millions)

      Estimated loss (1)
Rank Date Location/event Dollars when
occurred
In 2011
dollars (2)
1 Sep. 11, 2001 World Trade Center (terrorist attacks) $33,400 (3) $42,400 (3)
2 Apr. 18, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 350 8,700
3 Oct. 8-9, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 3,100
4 Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland, CA, fire storm 1,500 2,500
5 Oct. 20, 2007 San Diego County, CA, The Southern California Wildland Fires 1,800 2,000
6 Nov. 9, 1872 Great Boston Fire 75 1,400
7 Oct. 23, 1989 Pasadena, Texas, polyolefin plant 750 1,400
8 May 4, 2000 Los Alamos, NM, Cerro Grande wildland fire 1,000 1,300
9 Oct. 25, 2003 Julian, CA, Wildfire (Cedar) 1,100 1,300
10 Feb. 7, 1904 Baltimore, MD, Baltimore Conflagration 50 1,200

(1) Loss estimates are from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) records. The list is limited to fires for which some reliable dollar loss estimates exists.
(2) Adjustment to 2011 dollars made by the NFPA using the Consumer Price Index, including the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates of the index for historical times.
(3) Differs from estimates from other sources.

Source: National Fire Protection Association.

 
THE TEN MOST COSTLY LARGE-LOSS FIRES IN U.S. HISTORY

($ millions)

      Estimated loss (1)
Rank Date Location/event Dollars when
occurred
In 2012
dollars (2)
1 Sep. 11, 2001 World Trade Center (terrorist attacks) $33,400 (3) $43,300 (3)
2 Apr. 18, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 350 8,900
3 Oct. 8-9, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 3,200
4 Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland, CA, fire storm 1,500 2,500
5 Oct. 20, 2007 San Diego County, CA, The Southern California Wildland Fires 1,800 2,000
6 Nov. 9, 1872 Great Boston Fire 75 1,400
7 Oct. 23, 1989 Pasadena, Texas, polyolefin plant 750 1,400
8 May 4, 2000 Los Alamos, NM, Cerro Grande wildland fire 1,000 1,300
9 Oct. 25, 2003 Julian, CA, Wildfire (Cedar) 1,100 1,300
10 Feb. 7, 1904 Baltimore, MD, Baltimore Conflagration 50 1,300

(1) Loss estimates are from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) records. The list is limited to fires for which some reliable dollar loss estimates exists.
(2) Adjustment to 2012 dollars made by the NFPA using the Consumer Price Index, including the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates of the index for historical times.
(3) Differs from inflation-adjusted estimates made by other organizations due to the use of different deflators.

Source: National Fire Protection Association.