Category Archives: Specialty Coverage


Hope was that the whiff of financial scandal was dying down after fallout from the subprime and credit crisis, Madoff and Stanford Ponzi schemes. Then along came Galleon. Last month billionaire Raj Rajaratnam, founder of the now-defunct hedge fund Galleon Management LP, was arrested by the FBI accused in an insider trading case that allegedly generated more than $25 million in illicit gains. Six others involved in the scheme were also charged including senior executives at major companies including IBM, Intel and McKinsey & Co. Yesterday the Galleon probe widened with the charging of 14 other individuals, including hedge fund traders and managers, lawyers and a former Galleon employee, for their part in the insider trading group. Reports suggest that further arrests can be expected in the coming weeks. The collapse of the Madoff and Stanford schemes fueled litigation on a number of fronts and it is likely that Galleon will do the same. Exactly what the impact will be on professional liability insurance lines such as directors and officers (D&O) and errors and omissions (E&O) remains to be seen. Typically, these types of claims take some time to emerge. In the mean time, Galleon is sure to be a hot topic among those attending the PLUS International Conference in Chicago next week. I.I.I. president Dr. Robert Hartwig will be speaking at the PLUS conference next Wednesday ahead of the opening keynote address by former President Bill Clinton. Be sure to check back on the I.I.I. Web site for a copy of Dr. Hartwig’s presentation. For more on Galleon, check out the D&O Diary.

Age Discrimination: Regulatory Action?

We’ve blogged before about how mounting job cuts amid the economic downturn are resulting in an increase in employee lawsuits. At a public hearing  yesterday the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) focused on recent developments in age discrimination complaints. According to the EEOC, while overall job discrimination complaints were up by 15 percent in 2008, the number of allegations of age discrimination increased by nearly 30 percent, compared with 2007. The EEOC is now considering new regulations to protect older workers from job discrimination in the wake of recent adverse court decisions that have made it harder for older workers to successfully challenge age discrimination under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA). For example, just last month in a 5-4 ruling the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that employees bringing federal age-discrimination claims bear the burden of proving their age was a key factor in their reassignment by an employer (Gross v. FBL Financial Services).   Previously, workers had to show that age was just one factor in the employment decision and then the burden of proving there was a permissible reason for the action shifted to the employer. For more on the EEOC hearing, check out today’s Washington Post online article by Steve Vogel. Check out I.I.I. information on specialty lines such as employment practices liability (EPL) insurance.

Madoff Sentencing Etc

Yesterday’s sentencing of Bernard Madoff to the maximum 150 years in prison in connection with a massive investor fraud has everybody talking. The Wall Street Journal Law Blog notes that while the 150-year sentence was the statutory maximum for the 11 counts Madoff pleaded guilty to in March, it is not the longest handed down in a white collar crime case. Meanwhile, the Associated Press quotes a source that authorities are likely to charge 10 others in connection with the multi-billion dollar fraud. The New York Times DealBook blog today outlines yet another Madoff-related lawsuit this one filed against a Texas hedge fund by New Mexico’s teacher’s union. Over at the D&O Diary Kevin LaCroix recently commented that as diverse and dispersed as the consequences of the Madoff scandal have been, so too is the wave of litigation to follow in the wake of the scheme’s collapse. So it would seem. Check out the D&O Diary’s running list of Madoff-related lawsuits.

Celebrity Risk

It’s a rather sad but inevitable part of working in the insurance business that any headline news, whether a hurricane, or train crash, or a celebrity death immediately gets you thinking about the insurance coverage involved and the potential claims that will arise. And so it is with the death yesterday of pop legend Michael Jackson. From providing appearance/event cancellation coverage, to insuring celebrity body parts, to providing death and disgrace policies, specialist insurers play a major role in providing protection to the stars and the companies that promote and sponsor them. For example, over the years Lloyd’s has insured a long line of celebrities, including Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards’ fingers and Marlene Dietrich’s legs, and in 2007 Lloyd’s insured the smile of America Ferrera, star of the hit television show Ugly Betty, for $10 million. Whether a musician, a sports star, or a top chef, each celebrity risk profile is different and will vary according to the individual’s occupation, health, lifestyle and associated risks. An online article today at Reinsurance magazine concerns the question of insurance coverage for event cancellation given that Michael Jackson was on the cusp of a 50 concert tour.

Energy Market: Uncertain Times

Is Gulf of Mexico windstorm risk still an insoluble risk management problem? This is the question posed in the latest annual Energy Market Review from Willis. The report notes that fallout from a major Gulf of Mexico windstorm is once again casting a shadow over the energy insurance market in the wake of Hurricane Ike. A full consensus has yet to emerge as to the best way to offer the product, and in the meantime the market for Gulf of Mexico windstorm risk is more confused, volatile and expensive than ever before. Meanwhile, the energy industry is faced with a changing world, Willis says. The financial market meltdown and global economic recession have led to rapidly cooling commodity prices and left the energy industry now facing a very different challenge of maintaining profitability in the face of plummeting demand. As a result energy insurers must find new ways of making up for income shortfalls and sharp decreases in investment incomes in 2008. An increased focus on underwriting profitability is the inevitable result. However, any drive towards a harder market is being tempered by the fact that with little or no withdrawals from the market in January 2009, capacity levels for energy risks have actually increased by about 5 percent from last year, according to Willis. A big question mark therefore hangs over 2009: will competitive pressures take their toll on market discipline as the year progresses? Check out I.I.I. facts & stats on the 2007 and 2008 Atlantic  hurricane seasons.

D&O Costs Skyrocket

Directors’ and Officers’ (D&O) liability insurance costs for financial institutions increased 50 percent in the fourth quarter of 2008 compared to that of 2007, according to the Quarterly D&O Pricing Index from Aon Corp’s Financial Services Group. This is the first time year-over-year price increases were found in over five years. Aon said a number of unprecedented events contributed to the significant price increases, including: reports of more than 1 million job losses in Q4 2008; Bernard Madoff’s alleged Ponzi scheme; a substantial decline in major stock indices; and federal securities class action lawsuits activity in 2008. Aon’s D&O Index also shows that the average price for $1 million in coverage limits increased 3.15 percent from Q4 2008, compared to Q4 2007. This is the first time since 2003 that price increases in the financial sector have been significant enough to move the entire index. So will there be more? “In the short term, we expect to see D&O pricing for the financial sector continue to rise,† said Mike Rice, managing director of Aon’s Financial Services Group and author of the Index in a press release. “It is possible, however, that a tough underwriting environment could emerge for all public companies as the economy continues to negatively impact both financial results and stock prices.†Ã‚  

And the Oscar Goes To…

It’s time to make your Oscar picks and as you select a Best Picture among this year’s crop of nominated films another question you might want to consider is what is the riskiest movie of 2008? According to Fireman’s Fund Insurance Co, honors in this category go to “The Wrestler† a drama about Randy “The Ram† Robinson, a once popular pro wrestling star, now aging and down on his luck. As an insurance risk, the film wins “most risky production† primarily because lead actor Mickey Rourke did much of his own stunt work in the film. The physicality and quantity of the stunts – in one scene Rourke has a brutal wrestling match accompanied by glass shards, staples and barbed wire – made the film a major risk. Luckily adequate precautions were in place to mitigate the risk, including insurance. Among insurance coverages for films, cast insurance covers a range of possible scenarios that could happen to an actor where production would be affected, such as illness, injury or even death. Of the total of 79 Oscar nominees this year Fireman’s Fund insured 46. Insured nominees include “Milk,† “Frost/Nixon,† “The Reader,† “The Dark Knight,† “Changeling,† “Iron Man,† “Defiance,† “In Bruges,† “The Visitor,† “Frozen River,† “Wanted,† and “Hellboy II† as well as “The Wrestler.†

And on a completely different topic here’s a note for your calendar: Fireman’s Fund and the I.I.I. invite you to participate in a webinar next Wednesday February 25 at 1pm ET/10am PT that will provide an overview of the impact of the economic stimulus plan on the property/casualty insurance industry. To register for the webinar, please contact: Susan Murdy, Fireman’s Fund ( or Loretta Worters, I.I.I. (  


Stanford Fraud Scheme Probe

Another day, another fraud. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has charged Robert Allen Stanford and three of his companies for orchestrating an alleged fraudulent, multi-billion dollar investment scheme centering on an $8 billion certificate of deposit (CD) program. This  is the second massive alleged fraud to hit the headlines in a matter of months. It follows the recent charging of Wall Street financier Bernard Madoff in connection with a $50 billion investor fraud. That scheme’s collapse has fueled litigation on a number of fronts. Hat tip to the D&O diary  for details of the first securities class action lawsuit filed by investors in connection with the Stanford fraud allegations. Also check out I.I.I. information on the liability system.  

Credit Crisis and Liability Lines

On the road here at the annual Professional Liability Underwriting Society (PLUS) International conference in San Francisco, this morning’s sessions include a very topical one on the credit crisis and its impact on financial institutions (FIs) and their directors and officers (D&O) insurers. Ahead of the discussion Advisen today estimated the insured loss from the subprime meltdown and the ensuing global credit crisis will add 229 points to the 2008 loss ratio for the FI segment of the D&O market and approximately 149 points to the aggregate 2007-2009 financial institution errors and omissions (E&O) loss ratio. In dollar terms, this translates to an overall  insured liability loss of $9.6 billion ($3.7 billion in E&O and $5.9 billion in D&O insured losses). According to Advisen the upshot is that commercial lines rates, including D&O and E&O, are likely to increase in 2009.  

Data Call for D&O Survey

Towers Perrin is calling for data submissions for its 2008 Directors and Officers (D&O) Liability Survey. The survey is best completed by the person responsible for buying an organization’s D&O coverage. To participate, request a secure link from, then visit Towers Perrin’s Web site,, to complete the electronic questionnaire. Deadline for participation is Friday, August 29. Check out our June 18 posting to review key findings of Towers Perrin’s 2007 D&O Liability Survey.