In a recent study on China’s natural catastrophe (NatCat) perils, Gen Re collected direct economic loss data over the past 10 years (2007 to 2016). I.I.I. staffer Brent Carris sums up the study below.
During the 10-year period covered by the study, 24 percent of catastrophe related economic losses came from earthquakes, only topped by droughts, at 25 percent. The remaining damages consisted of: rainstorms, typhoons, snow and low temperature, and hail and tornados at 24 percent, 12 percent, 8 percent and 7 percent, respectively. In 2008, there was a significant spike in losses due to the Sichuan Earthquake.
According to AIR Worldwide, catastrophe insurance indemnity account for only 9 percent of direct economic loss in Asia. In China, a projection of this number would be even lower if based on the past 10 years’ major NatCat events. For example, insurance payout against total direct economic loss for the Sichuan earthquake in 2008 was 0.2%, and less than 1% for the Ya’an earthquake in 2013. Insurers are reluctant to provide coverage for high risk areas, notably due to insufficient pricing and the inability to monitor NatCat accumulation/aggregates.
The situation is expected to improve, however, as the development of catastrophe insurance is deemed an important aspect of the growth of China’s insurance industry.
Can’t buy me love, or can you? In China, at least, it appears you can.
This Valentine’s Day Chinese insurers have their hearts set on wooing customers with the sale of love insurance.
As Sixth Tone reports, love insurance comes in various packages. One policy offered by Answern Property & Casualty Insurance entitles customers to a congratulatory payment if they and their designated significant other get married any time between three and 13 years after taking out the policy.
Customers choose a one-time premium payment for the policy of 99 yuan ($14), 297 yuan ($43), or 495 yuan ($72) in return for a respective payout of 1,999 yuan ($291), 5,997 yuan ($873), or 9,995 yuan ($1,445), providing a valid marriage certificate is shown to the insurer in the allotted timeframe.
Other insurers will throw in a little extra love. For example, China Life will send 10,000 roses to the wedding ceremony of any customer who marries their partner three years after signing up for the 299 yuan plan, Sixth Tone explains.
Love insurance has been around for a few years now. See this 2012 report by the Financial Times.
More on how to make sure your loved ones and valuables are protected on the Insurance Information Institute’s Valentine’s Pinterest board.
Can style trump substance? Not when it comes to the business of insurance, according to new regulations issued by the China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC).
The Financial Times reports that China’s insurance regulator has banned “exotic” insurance products as part of a broader push to restrict the sale of non-traditional products.
The new regulations cover products “where the insured event will not result in any loss to the customer” and “products with no real content, where the purpose of the product is for creating marketing hype.”
Smog insurance, overtime insurance that pays out if the insured is at the office after 9pm, and so-called gourmets’ insurance that provides cover against indigestion are among the non-traditional products now banned by China’s regulator.
Insurers have sometimes used these exotic products as promotional tools, with attention-grabbing advertisements that aim to go viral, the FT reports.
The new regulations come one month after the CIRC cracked down on insurers that sell short term investments called universal insurance products, proceeds of which were used to fund acquisitions.
CIRC chairman Liu Shiyu warned insurers not to become “barbarians” and “robbers” by aggressively acquiring companies in leveraged buyouts.
Insurance Information Institute’s daily members bulletin has more stories like these. Email email@example.com for info.
The Chinese insurance market is changing as quickly as any in the world, writes Insurance Information Institute (I.I.I.) chief actuary James Lynch.
China is the fourth largest insurance market, behind the United States, Japan and the United Kingdom, but it is poised to grow quickly as the government looks to insurance to “play a larger role in the country’s patchy social welfare system,” the Financial Times reports (subscription required).
The market may be best known for buying trophy properties worldwide. In the past two years, Anbang bought New York’s Waldorf Astoria, China Life bought a majority share of London’s Canary Wharf, and Ping An bought the home of insurance, the Lloyd’s Building of London.
Beyond the property plays, Fosun Group in May agreed to buy the 80 percent of property/casualty insurer Ironshore that it doesn’t own and Fosun’s acquisition of U.S. p/c insurer Meadowbrook Insurance Group just received state regulatory approvals in Michigan and California.
The Financial Times report focuses on changes in the life sector, as the Chinese government encourages citizens to buy traditional life products and 401(k)-like pensions, but the P/C market is changing as well, as I recently wrote for the Casualty Actuarial Society (CAS):
China’s market has grown between 13 and 35 percent a year for the past decade . . . Property/casualty insurers wrote RMB 754 billion ($120 billion in U.S. dollars) of premium in 2014, 16.4 percent more than a year earlier. By contrast, U.S. property/casualty insurers wrote about $500 billion and grew just over 4 percent, with both figures reflecting the maturity of the U.S. market.”
Starting June 1, six provinces — about one-fifth of the country – overhauled the way auto insurance is priced, moving a bit closer to the U.S. model of loading expected claim costs for expenses and adjusting rates for underwriting factors like a good driving record.
China is also strengthening of capital standards, working on the same January 1, 2016, deadline as Europe’s Solvency II. It hopes its standard, known as C-ROSS, will become a template for emerging markets:
The new standard splits “supervisable” risks that regulators are good at addressing from the ones better handled by market mechanisms.
The supervisable risks are split between quantifiable ones, like insurance risk, and unquantifiable ones, like reputation risk. Another class of supervisable risks is control risk. For emerging economies like China’s, Huang said, it is even more important to watch how companies control their risks. Good risk management may result in a reduction in regulatory capital requirement, and poor risk management can result in a capital add-on of up to 40%.
There’s also a systemic risk element, which requires systemically important insurers to set aside more capital.”
The I.I.I. is drafting a white paper about global capital standards to be published later this year. I.I.I. President Robert Hartwig gave a presentation that covered global insurance issues (and quite a bit else) late last year.