2019 Insurance Fact Book

Property Crimes

The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Reports defines property crime as larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft and burglary. These crimes involve the unlawful taking of money or property without the use of force or threat of force against the victims. Larceny theft involves the successful or attempted taking of property from another; it includes shoplifting, pick-pocketing, purse-snatching and bicycle theft. While motor vehicle theft of is a separate offense category, the thefts of motor vehicle parts and accessories are considered larceny. Burglary involves the unlawful entry into a structure such as a home or business. According to the FBI, there were a reported 7,196,045 property crime offenses in the United States in 2018, down 6.3 percent from 2017. The rate of property crimes was 2,199.5 per 100,000 inhabitants, down 6.9 percent from 2017. Property crimes in 2018 cost $16.4 billion. Larceny-theft accounted for the largest share of total property crimes in 2018, 72.5 percent of all property crimes. Burglary accounted for 17.1 percent, and motor vehicle theft for 10.4 percent.

Number And Rate Of Property Crime Offenses In The United States, 2009-2018 (1)

 

  Burglary Larceny-theft
Year Number Rate Number Rate
2009 2,203,313 717.7 6,338,095 2,064.5
2010 2,168,459 701.0 6,204,601 2,005.8
2011 2,185,140 701.3 6,151,095 1,974.1
2012 2,109,932 672.2 6,168,874 1,965.4
2013 1,932,139 610.5 6,019,465 1,901.9
2014 1,713,153 537.2 5,809,054 1,821.5
2015 1,587,564 494.7 5,723,488 1,783.6
2016 1,516,405 468.9 5,644,835 1,745.4
2017 1,397,045 429.7 5,513,000 1,695.5
2018 1,230,149 376.0 5,217,055 1,594.6
  Motor vehicle theft Total property crime (2)
Year Number Rate Number Rate
2009 795,652 259.2 9,337,060 3,041.3
2010 739,565 239.1 9,112,625 2,945.9
2011 716,508 230.0 9,052,743 2,905.4
2012 723,186 230.4 9,001,992 2,868.0
2013 700,288 221.3 8,651,892 2,733.6
2014 686,803 215.4 8,209,010 2,574.1
2015 713,063 222.2 8,024,115 2,500.5
2016 767,290 237.3 7,928,530 2,451.6
2017 772,943 237.7 7,682,988 2,362.9
2018 748,841 228.9 7,196,045 2,199.5

(1) Rate is per 100,000 inhabitants.
(2) Property crimes are the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft and motor vehicle theft.

Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reports.

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