Top 10 Costliest Large-Loss Fires In U.S. History

($ millions)

      Estimated loss (1)
Rank Date Location/event Dollars when occurred In 2020 dollars (2)
1 Sep. 11, 2001 World Trade Center (terrorist attacks) $33,400 $48,900 (3)
2 Oct. 8, 2017 Northern CA Wildland Urban Interface fire 10,000 10,600
3 Apr. 18, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire 350 10,100
4 Nov. 8, 2018 Camp Wildland Urban Interface fire 8,500 8,700
5 Aug, 2021 "Siege" wildfire, Northern California (4) 4,200 4,200
6 Oct. 8-9, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 3,600
7 July, 2021 Navy ship under repair, San Diego, California 3,000 3,000
8 Nov. 8, 2018 Woolsey Wildland Urban Interface fire 2,900 3,000
9 Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland, CA, firestorm, Wildland Urban Interface fire 1,500 2,900
10 Oct. 20, 2007 San Diego County, CA, The Southern California Firestorm 1,800 2,200
(1) Loss estimates are from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) records. The list is limited to fires for which some reliable dollar loss estimates exists. (2) Adjustment to 2020 dollars made by the National Fire Protection Association using the Consumer Price Index. (3) Differs from inflation-adjusted estimates made by other organizations due to the use of different collection criteria and deflators. (4) Includes multiple fires. Source: ©National Fire Protection Association. www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics.