Top 10 Costliest U.S. Earthquakes By Inflation-Adjusted Insured Losses (1)

($ millions)

        Insured losses (2)  
Rank Date Location Overall losses when occurred Dollars when occurred In 2019 dollars (3) Fatalities
1 Jan. 17, 1994 California: Northridge, Los Angeles, San Fernando Valley, Ventura, Orange $44,000 $15,300 $26,850 61
2 Apr. 18, 1906 California: San Francisco, Santa Rosa, San Jose 525 180 4,713 (4) 3,000
3 Oct. 17, 1989 California: Loma Prieta, Santa Cruz, San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, Silicon Valley 10,000 960 1,961 68
4 Feb. 28, 2001 Washington: Olympia, Seattle, Tacoma; Oregon 2,000 300 438 1
5 Oct. 1, 1987 California: Los Angeles County, Whittier 360 75 167 8
6 Aug. 24, 2014 California: Napa, Vallejo, Solano, Sonoma, American Canyon 700 150 162 1
7 Nov. 30, 2018 Alaska: Anchorage, Wasilla, Palmer, Tok, Valdez 150 130 132 0
8 Apr. 4, 2010 California: San Diego, Calexico, El Centro, Los Angeles, Imperial; Arizona: Phoenix, Yuma 150 100 118 0
9 Oct. 15, 2006 Hawaii: Big Island, Kailua Kona, Oahu, Honolulu 200 50 64 0
10 Aug. 23, 2011 Virginia: Mineral, Richmond; DC; New York: New York; Maryland: Baltimore 150 50 57 0
(1) Costliest U.S. earthquakes occurring from 1980 to 2019, based on insured losses when occurred. Also includes the 1906 San Francisco, California, earthquake, for which reliable insured losses are available. (2) Based on property losses including, if applicable, agricultural, offshore, marine, aviation and National Flood Insurance Program losses and may differ from data shown elsewhere. (3) Inflation-adjusted to 2019 dollars by the Insurance Information Institute using the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Inflation Calculator. (4) Inflation-adjusted to 2019 dollars based on 1913 Bureau of Labor Statistics data (earliest year available). Source: © 2020 Munich Re, NatCatSERVICE; U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; Insurance Information Institute.