Annuities

Annuities

ANNUITIES

A July, 2011 Government Accountability Office (GAO) report highlights the role annuities can play in helping people secure enough income during retirement. The report is posted on the web at http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d11400.pdf. Further information on annuities is below.

FIXED AND VARIABLE ANNUITIES

There are two major types of annuities: fixed and variable. Fixed annuities guarantee the principal and a minimum rate of interest. Generally, interest credited and payments made from a fixed annuity are based on rates declared by the company, which can change only yearly. Fixed annuities are considered “general account” assets. In contrast, variable annuity account values and payments are based on the performance of a separate investment portfolio, thus their value may fluctuate daily. Variable annuities are considered “separate account” assets.

There is a variety of fixed annuities and variable annuities. One type of fixed annuity, the equity indexed annuity, contains features of fixed and variable annuities. It provides a base return, just as other fixed annuities do, but its value is also based on the performance of a specified stock index. The return can go higher if the index rises. The 2010 Dodd-Frank Act included language keeping equity indexed annuities under state insurance regulation. Variable annuities are subject to both state insurance regulation and federal securities regulation. Fixed annuities are not considered securities and are only subject to state insurance regulation.

Annuities can be deferred or immediate. Deferred annuities generally accumulate assets over a long period of time, with withdrawals taken as a single sum or as an income payment beginning at retirement. Immediate annuities allow purchasers to convert a lump sum payment into a stream of income that begins right away. Annuities can be written on an individual or group basis.

Annuities can be used to fund structured settlements, arrangements in which an injury victim in a lawsuit receives compensation in a number of tax free payments over time, rather than as a lump sum.

INDIVIDUAL ANNUITY CONSIDERATIONS, 2009-2013 (1)

($ billions)

      Total
Year Variable Fixed Amount Percent change
from prior year
2009 $128.0 $110.6 $238.6 -10.0%
2010 140.5 81.9 222.4 -6.8
2011 157.9 80.5 238.4 7.2
2012 147.4 72.3 219.7 -7.8
2013 145.3 84.3 229.6 4.5

(1) Based on LIMRA's estimates of the total annuity sales market. Includes some considerations (i.e. premiums) that though bought in group settings involve buying decisions.

Source: LIMRA International.

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  • Individual variable annuity sales in the U.S. fell 1.4 percent in 2013, following a 6.6 percent drop the previous year. Fixed annuity sales grew 16.6 percent in 2013, after a 10.2 percent drop in 2012.

PREMIUMS BY LINE

Measured by premiums written, annuities are the largest life/health product line, followed by life insurance and health insurance (also referred to in the industry as accident and health). Life insurance policies can be sold on an individual, or "ordinary," basis or to groups such as employees and associations. Accident and health insurance includes medical expense, disability income and long-term care. Other lines include credit life, which pays the balance of a loan if the borrower dies or becomes disabled, and industrial life, small policies whose premiums are generally collected by an agent on a weekly basis.

 

SALES OF INDIVIDUAL ANNUITIES BY DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS, 2008 AND 2012

(1) Preliminary.

Source: LIMRA International.

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INDIVIDUAL ANNUITY SALES BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2011

($ billions)

(1) Single premium contracts bought by property/casualty insurers to distribute awards in personal injury or wrongful death lawsuits over a period of time, rather than as lump sums. Classified as a fixed annuity.

Source: LIMRA International.

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DEFFERED ANNUITY ASSETS, 2004-2013

($ billions, end of year)

(1) Not reported before 2010.

Source: LIMRA International.

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INDIVIDUAL IMMEDIATE ANNUITY SALES, 2009-2013 (1)

($ billions)

(1) Includes variable individual annuities sales which were less than $0.1 billion.
(2) Single premium contracts bought by property/casualty insurers to distribute awards in personal injury or wrongful death lawsuits over a period of time, rather than as lump sums.

Source: LIMRA International.

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TOP TEN WRITERS OF GROUP ANNUITIES BY DIRECT PREMIUMS WRITTEN, 2013

($000)

Rank Group/company Direct premiums written (1) Market share
1 Voya Financial Inc. $8,820,053 17.2%
2 American International Group  7,631,540 14.9
3 TIAA-CREF  5,374,186 10.5
4 Great-West Insurance Group  4,751,377 9.3
5 MetLife Inc.  3,731,766 7.3
6 Lincoln National Corp.  2,932,720 5.7
7 Jackson National Life Group  2,695,474 5.3
8 OneAmerica Financial Partners  2,520,110 4.9
9 AXA  2,391,610 4.7
10 Prudential Financial Inc.  1,615,119 3.2

(1) Based on U.S. total, includes territories.

Source: SNL Financial LC.

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TOP TEN WRITERS OF ANNUITIES BY DIRECT PREMIUMS WRITTEN, 2013 (1)

($000)

Rank Group/company Direct premiums written (2) Market share
1 Jackson National Life Group  $23,286,433 9.6%
2 Lincoln National Corp.  18,107,029 7.5
3 American International Group  17,978,751 7.4
4 MetLife Inc.  14,336,625 5.9
5 Prudential Financial Inc.  13,195,131 5.5
6 TIAA-CREF  12,413,403 5.1
7 Voya Financial Inc. 10,777,665 4.5
8 AXA  9,723,630 4.0
9 Guggenheim Capital LLC 9,719,980 4.0
10 New York Life Insurance Group  9,243,127 3.8

(1) Includes individual and group annuities.
(2) Based on U.S. total, includes territories.

Source: SNL Financial LC.

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TOP TEN WRITERS OF ANNUITIES SOLD THROUGH BANKS, 2011

($ millions)

Fixed Variable
Rank Company Premiums Rank Company Premiums
1 Western National Life $6,438 1 MetLife $3,406
2 Symetra Financial 1,633 2 Prudential Annuities 3,366
3 New York Life 1,345 3 Jackson National Life 2,687
4 Great American Financial Resources, Inc. 969 4 Nationwide Financial 2,071
5 Lincoln Financial 946 5 Pacific Life 1,397
6 Genworth Financial 833 6 AEGON/Transamerica 1,155
7 Protective Life 748 7 Lincoln Financial 900
8 Jackson National Life 739 8 AXA 590
9 Western-Southern Financial 734 9 Sun Life Financial 581
10 American National 525 10 SunAmerica 572

Source: Bank Insurance and Securities Research Associates (BISRA).

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