Property Crime

CAMPUS CRIME

Property crime is a serious problem for college campuses. There were about 14,000 burglaries on U.S. college campuses in 2014, according to the U.S. Department of Education’s Campus Safety and Security division. The same year there were 3,100 motor vehicle thefts, 1,300 robberies and 610 arson crimes on campus.

CRIME: PROPERTY

The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Reports defines property crime as larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft and burglary. These crimes involve the unlawful taking of money or property without the use of force or threat of force against the victims. Larceny theft involves the successful or attempted taking of property from another; it includes shoplifting, pocket-picking, purse-snatching and bicycle theft. While the theft of motor vehicles is a separate offense category, the thefts of motor vehicle parts and accessories are considered larceny. Burglary involves the unlawful entry into a structure such as a home or business. The burglary rate for renters was about 80 percent higher than for owners in 2011, according to a 2013 Bureau of Justice Statistics report. Home burglaries accounted for 73.2 percent of burglary offenses in 2014, according to the FBI.

 

Number And Rate Of Property Crime Offenses In The United States, 2006-2015 (1)

 

  Burglary Larceny-theft
Year Number Rate Number Rate
2006 2,194,993 733.1 6,626,363 2,213.2
2007 2,190,198 726.1 6,591,542 2,185.4
2008 2,228,887 733.0 6,586,206 2,166.1
2009 2,203,313 717.7 6,338,095 2,064.5
2010 2,168,459 701.0 6,204,601 2,005.8
2011 2,185,140 701.3 6,151,095 1,974.1
2012 2,109,932 672.2 6,168,874 1,965.4
2013 1,932,139 610.5 6,019,465 1,901.9
2014 1,713,153 537.2 5,809,054 1,821.5
2015 1,579,527 491.4 5,706,346 1,775.4
  Motor vehicle theft Total property crime (2)
Year Number Rate Number Rate
2006 1,198,245 400.2 10,019,601 3,346.6
2007 1,100,472 364.9 9,882,212 3,276.4
2008 959,059 315.4 9,774,152 3,214.6
2009 795,652 259.2 9,337,060 3,041.3
2010 739,565 239.1 9,112,625 2,945.9
2011 716,508 230.0 9,052,743 2,905.4
2012 723,186 230.4 9,001,992 2,868.0
2013 700,288 221.3 8,651,892 2,733.6
2014 686,803 215.4 8,209,010 2,574.1
2015 707,758 220.2 7,993,631 2,487.0

(1) Rate is per 100,000 inhabitants.
(2) Property crimes are the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft and motor vehicle theft.

Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reports.

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Top 10 U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas By Motor Vehicle Theft Rate, 2015

 

Rank Metropolitan Statistical Area (1) Vehicles stolen Rate (2)
1 Modesto, CA 4,072 756.33
2 Albuquerque, NM 6,657 733.71
3 Bakersfield, CA 6,000 680.14
4 Salinas, CA 2,934 676.20
5 San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 30,554 656.21
6 Stockton-Lodi, CA 4,656 641.23
7 Pueblo, CO 983 600.89
8 Merced, CA 1,605 597.87
9 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 25,001 556.92
10 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 2,352 539.34

(1) Metropolitan Statistical Areas are designated by the federal Office of Management and Budget and usually include areas much larger than the cities for which they are named.
(2) Rate of vehicle thefts reported per 100,000 people based on the 2015 U.S. Census Population Estimates.

Source: National Insurance Crime Bureau.

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Top 10 Most Frequently Stolen Vehicles, 2015

All model years (1) 2015 model year vehicles only
Rank Model Thefts Rank Model Thefts
1 Honda Accord 52,244 1 Nissan Altima 1,104
2 Honda Civic 49,430 2 Chrysler 200 1,069
3 Ford Pickup (Full size) 29,396 3 Toyota Camry 923
4 Chevrolet Pickup (Full size) 27,771 4 Toyota Corolla 776
5 Toyota Camry 15,446 5 GMC Sierra 670
6 Dodge Pickup (Full size) 11,212 6 Dodge Charger 666
7 Toyota Corolla 10,547 7 Hyundai Sonata 632
8 Nissan Altima 10,374 8 Chevrolet Malibu 629
9 Dodge Caravan 9,798 9 Chevrolet Impala 594
10 Chevrolet Impala 9,225 10 Chevrolet Cruze 586

(1) Includes all model years for each vehicle.

Source: National Insurance Crime Bureau.

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ARSON

Arson, the act of deliberately setting fire to a building, car or other property for fraudulent or malicious purposes, is a crime in all states.

Arsonists set fires that destroyed $729 million worth of property in 2014, up 10.0 percent from $663 million in 2013, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). The $729 million loss in 2014 included $613 million from structure fires and $116 million from vehicle fires.

Church arsons, a major problem in the 1990s, have dropped significantly. Intentional fires in religious and funeral properties fell 82 percent from 1,320 in 1980 to 240 in 2002, the last time such figures were tracked. There were 1,600 structural fires in houses of worship which caused $105 million in property damage on average from 2007 to 2011, according to the NFPA. Fires in a larger category, religious and funeral properties, averaged 1,780 during the same five years. Among those fires, 16 percent, or about 285 each year, were intentional.

 

Intentionally Set Fires, 2006-2015

 

  Structures Vehicles (2)
Year Number of fires Property loss
($ millions) (1)
Number of fires Property loss
($ millions)
2006 31,100 $755 20,500 $134
2007 32,500 733 20,500 145
2008 30,500 866 17,500 139
2009 26,500 684 15,000 108
2010 27,500 585 14,000 89
2011 26,500 601 14,000 88
2012 26,000 581 12,500 480 (3)
2013 22,500 577 10,500 86
2014 19,000 613 8,000 116
2015 23,000 460 10,000 74

(1) Includes overall direct property loss to contents, structures, vehicles, machinery, vegetation or any other property involved in a fire. Excludes indirect losses, such as business interruption or temporary shelter costs.
(2) Includes highway vehicles, trains, boats, ships, aircraft and farm and construction vehicles.
(3) Includes $400 million in property loss from an intentionally set fire aboard the submarine USS Miami.

Source: Reproduced with permission from Fire Loss in the United States During 2015 by Hylton J.G. Haynes, ©National Fire Protection Association; earlier data from prior reports. www.nfpa.org/research/reports-and-statistics.

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  • In 2014 property loss from intentionally set structure fires increased 6.2 percent from 2013, according to the National Fire Protection Association, although the number of fires fell 15.6 percent.
  • Intentionally set fires in vehicles fell 23.8 percent in 2014. The property loss from those fires rose 34.9 percent to $116 million in 2014.