Sports Injuries

Sports Injuries

SCHOOL SPORTS

Young people aged five to 14 accounted for 51 percent of the football injuries treated in emergency rooms in 2014, according to data from the National Safety Council. This age group accounted for 76 percent of gymnastics injuries, 49 percent of baseball and 40 percent of track and field injuries treated in emergency rooms the same year. (see chart below).

WINTER SPORTS

In 2014 almost 59,000 individuals were injured while participating in the winter sports of snowmobiling, snowboarding and ice skating and required treatment in emergency rooms, according to the National Safety Council. According to a National Ski Areas Association (NSAA) Fact Sheet, during the 10 years ending in 2015, 38 people died skiing or snowboarding per year on average. During the 2014-2015 season, 35 fatalities occurred out of the 53.6 million skier/snowboarder days reported for the season. Twenty-nine of the fatalities were skiers, 6 of the fatalities were snowboarders. The charts below provide further information on sports and recreational injuries.

BICYCLE CRASHES

In 2014, 726 bicyclists and other cyclists were killed and an additional 50,000 were injured in motor vehicle traffic crashes, according to a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration report. The number of pedalcyclist fatalities in 2014 at 726 is 3.1 percent lower than those killed in 2013 and was the first decrease since 2010. Bicyclist deaths accounted for 2 percent of all motor vehicle traffic fatalities and made up 2 percent of all the people injured in traffic crashes in 2014. In 2014, the average age of bicyclists killed in traffic crashes was 45. During the decade from 2005 to 2014, there was a steady increase in the average age of bicyclists both killed and injured in incidents involving motor vehicles, climbing from 39 to 45.  Biking is the second most dangerous sport after basketball, based on estimates of injuries treated in hospital emergency departments compiled by the National Safety Council. In 2014, 502,104 people were treated for injuries sustained while riding bicycles. According to a survey by the National Sporting Goods Association, 36 million people rode bicycles in 2013. Bicycles are increasingly being used for more than recreation. The share of Americans commuting by bike grew by 62 percent from 2000 to 2012, according to an analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data by the League of American Bicyclists. In total there were 864,883 bike commuters in 2012. The FBI reports that 184,575 bicycles were stolen in 2014, down 1.2 percent from 2013. The average value of a stolen bicycle was $418 in 2013.

Deaths of bicyclists in collisions with motor vehicles have decreased substantially in the United States in recent decades. However, according to the Governors Highway Safety Association’s Spotlight on Highway Safety: Bicyclist Safety report, between 2010 and 2012 U.S. bicyclist deaths increased by 16 percent to 722 in 2012 from 621 in 2010. Other motor vehicle fatalities increased by 1 percent during this same time period.

The report notes that fatal bicyclist crash patterns have changed significantly. The percentage involving adults age 20 and older increased from 21 percent in 1975 to 84 percent in 2012. In contrast, the percentage of fatally injured bicyclists younger than 20 decreased from 79 percent of the total in 1975 to 16 percent in 2012. The percentage involving males increased from 82 percent to 88 percent during this period. Adult males comprised 74 percent of all bicyclist deaths in 2012, followed by males younger than 20 (14 percent), females age 21 and older (10 percent) and females younger than 20 (2 percent).

The report also includes bicyclist fatalities by area and notes that such fatalities are now more likely to occur in urban areas, with the proportion increasing from 50 percent in 1975 to 69 percent in 2012. In 2012 the greatest numbers of bicyclist deaths occurred in high-population states with many urban centers. California had the most deaths (123), followed by Florida (120), Texas (56), New York (45), Illinois (29) and North Carolina (27). These six states accounted for more than half (55 percent) of all bicyclist fatalities in 2012. Fatalities by state for 2010 to 2012 are shown in the chart below:

 

BICYCLE DEATHS BY STATE, 2010-2012

State 2010 2011 2012 2010-2012 Change
Alabama 6 5 9 +3
Alaska 0 2 1 +1
Arizona 19 22 18 -1
Arkansas 2 6 6 +4
California 100 115 123 +23
Colorado 8 8 13 +5
Connecticut 7 8 4 -3
Delaware 2 0 4 +2
D.C. 2 1 0 -2
Florida 83 126 120 +37
Georgia 18 14 17 -1
Hawaii 3 2 2 -1
Idaho 4 0 2 -2
Illinois 24 27 29 +5
Indiana 13 11 15 +2
Iowa 8 5 3 -5
Kansas 1 2 7 +6
Kentucky 7 2 6 -1
Louisiana 11 18 23 +12
Maine 1 0 1 0
Maryland 8 5 5 -3
Massachusetts 7 5 15 +8
Michigan 29 24 19 -10
Minnesota 9 5 7 -2
Mississippi 4 7 4 0
Missouri 7 1 6 -1
Montana 0 1 1 +1
Nebraska 2 2 0 -2
Nevada 6 4 3 -3
New Hampshire 0 4 0 0
New Jersey 13 17 14 +1
New Mexico 8 4 7 -1
New York 36 57 45 +9
North Carolina 23 25 27 +4
North Dakota 1 1 0 -1
Ohio 11 16 18 +7
Oklahoma 9 1 5 -4
Oregon 7 15 10 +3
Pennsylvania 21 11 16 -5
Rhode Island 2 0 2 0
South Carolina 14 15 13 -1
South Dakota 2 1 0 -2
Tennessee 4 5 8 +4
Texas 42 45 56 +14
Utah 7 5 3 -4
Vermont 1 0 0 -1
Virginia 12 6 11 -1
Washington 6 11 12 +6
West Virginia 2 0 1 -1
Wisconsin 9 12 11 +2
Wyoming 0 1 0 0
Total 621 680 722 +101

Source: Governors Highway Safety Association.

 

The report also found that lack of helmet use and alcohol impairment  continue to be major contributing factors in bicyclist deaths. In 2012 data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration indicate that 17 percent of fatally injured bicyclists were wearing helmets, 65 percent were not and helmet use was unknown for the remaining 18 percent. A large number of fatally injured bicyclists had blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08 percent or higher, the legal definition of alcohol-impaired driving, including 28 percent of those aged 16 and older. The percentage of bicyclists with high BACs ranged from 23 percent to 33 percent during the period 1982 to 2012.

 

Pedalcyclists Killed And Fatality Rates, 2014 (1)

Age group Killed Population (000) Fatality rate per million population
Under 5 5 19,877 0.25
5 to 9 19 20,520 0.93
10 to 14 30 20,672 1.45
Children (14 and under) 50 61,068 0.82
15 to 19 41 21,068 1.95
20 to 24 42 22,912 1.83
25 to 29 51 21,988 2.32
30 to 34 44 21,529 2.04
35 to 39 32 19,922 1.61
40 to 44 49 20,591 2.38
45 to 49 57 20,888 2.73
50 to 54 86 22,571 3.81
55 to 59 95 21,511 4.42
60-64 60 18,566 3.23
65-69 43 15,325 2.81
70 to 74 29 11,073 2.62
75 to 79 17 7,922 2.15
80 and over 19 11,923 1.59
Seniors (65 and over) 108 46,243 2.34
Total (2) 724 318,857 2.27

(1) Includes riders of bicycles and other non-motorized vehicles powered by pedals, such as tricycles and unicycles.
(2) Includes pedalcyclists of unknown age.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; Bureau of the Census.

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Pedalcyclists Injured And Injury Rates, 2014 (1)

Age group Injured Population (000) Injury rate per million population
Under 5 (2) 19,877 (2)
5 to 9 1,000 20,520 54
10 to 14 4,000 20,672 207
Children (14 and under) 6,000 61,068 91
15 to 19 6,000 21,068 279
20 to 24 9,000 22,912 376
25 to 29 5,000 21,988 241
30 to 34 5,000 21,529 211
35 to 39 3,000 19,922 174
40 to 44 4,000 20,591 175
45 to 49 3,000 20,888 132
50 to 54 3,000 22,571 144
55 to 59 3,000 21,511 150
60-64 1,000 18,566 74
65-69 1,000 15,325 72
70 to 74 1,000 11,073 105
75 to 79 (2) 7,922 (2)
80 and over (2) 11,923 (2)
Seniors (65 and over) 3,000 46,243 62
Total (2) 50,000 318,857 158

(1) Includes riders of bicycles and other non-motorized vehicles powered by pedals, such as tricycles and unicycles.
(2) Less than 500 injured.

Note: Injured totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; Bureau of the Census.

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Total And Pedalcyclist Traffic Fatalties And Fatality Rates, By State, 2014

 

          Pedalcyclist fatalities
per million population
 
State Resident population
(000)
Total traffic
fatalities
Pedalcyclist
fatalities
Percentage of
total traffic fatalities
Rate Rank (1)
Alabama 4,849 820 9 1.1% 1.86 25
Alaska 737 73 3 4.1 4.07 4
Arizona 6,731 770 29 3.8 4.31 3
Arkansas 2,966 466 7 1.5 2.36 14
California 38,803 3,074 128 4.2 3.30 6
Colorado 5,356 488 10 2.0 1.87 24
Connecticut 3,597 248 3 1.2 0.83 45
Delaware 936 121 3 2.5 3.21 7
D.C. 659 23 1 4.3 1.52 29
Florida 19,893 2,494 139 5.6 6.99 2
Georgia 10,097 1,164 19 1.6 1.88 23
Hawaii 1,420 95 4 4.2 2.82 10
Idaho 1,634 186 2 1.1 1.22 35
Illinois 12,881 924 27 2.9 2.10 19
Indiana 6,597 746 12 1.6 1.82 27
Iowa 3,107 321 4 1.2 1.29 33
Kansas 2,904 385 7 1.8 2.41 12
Kentucky 4,413 672 4 0.6 0.91 43
Louisiana 4,650 737 12 1.6 2.58 11
Maine 1,330 131 2 1.5 1.50 30
Maryland 5,976 442 5 1.1 0.84 44
Massachusetts 6,745 328 8 2.4 1.19 36
Michigan 9,910 901 22 2.4 2.22 18
Minnesota 5,457 361 5 1.4 0.92 42
Mississippi 2,994 607 6 1.0 2.00 20
Missouri 6,064 766 5 0.7 0.82 46
Montana 1,024 192 2 1.0 1.95 21
Nebraska 1,882 225 2 0.9 1.06 38
Nevada 2,839 290 8 2.8 2.82 10
New Hampshire 1,327 95 3 3.2 2.26 17
New Jersey 8,938 556 11 2.0 1.23 34
New Mexico 2,086 383 5 1.3 2.40 13
New York 19,746 1,039 46 4.4 2.33 16
North Carolina 9,944 1,284 19 1.5 1.91 22
North Dakota 739 135 3 2.2 4.06 5
Ohio 11,594 1,006 11 1.1 0.95 41
Oklahoma 3,878 669 4 0.6 1.03 39
Oregon 3,970 357 7 2.0 1.76 28
Pennsylvania 12,787 1,195 19 1.6 1.49 31
Rhode Island 1,055 52 0 0.0 0.00 49
South Carolina 4,832 824 14 1.7 2.90 9
South Dakota 853 136 2 1.5 2.34 15
Tennessee 6,549 962 5 0.5 0.76 47
Texas 26,957 3,538 50 1.4 1.85 26
Utah 2,943 256 9 3.5 3.06 8
Vermont 627 44 0 0.0 0.00 49
Virginia 8,326 703 12 1.7 1.44 32
Washington 7,062 462 7 1.5 0.99 40
West Virginia 1,850 272 2 0.7 1.08 37
Wisconsin 5,758 507 4 0.8 0.69 48
Wyoming 584 150 5 3.3 8.56 1
United States 318,857 32,675 726 2.2% 2.28  

(1) States with the same pedalist fatality rate per million population receive the same rank.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

 

 

Total And Pedalcyclists Traffic Fatalities And Fatality Rates By City, 2014 (1)

 

      Pedalcyclists Fatality rate per
million population
City (2) Resident
population
Total traffic
fatalities
Killed As a percent of total
traffic fatalities
Total Pedalcyclist Rank (3)
New York, NY 8,491,079 248 20 8.1% 29.21 2.36 9
Los Angeles, CA 3,928,864 240 7 2.9 61.09 1.78 17
Chicago, IL 2,722,389 120 6 5.0 44.08 2.20 11
Houston, TX 2,239,558 232 6 2.6 103.59 2.68 8
Philadelphia, PA 1,560,297 97 3 3.1 62.17 1.92 15
Phoenix, AZ 1,537,058 177 11 6.2 115.16 7.16 2
San Antonio, TX 1,436,697 147 1 0.7 102.32 0.70 26
San Diego, CA 1,381,069 79 3 3.8 57.2 2.17 12
Dallas, TX 1,281,047 154 1 0.6 120.21 0.78 25
San Jose, CA 1,015,785 55 2 3.6 54.15 1.97 13
Austin, TX 912,791 58 0 0.0 63.54 0.00 27
Jacksonville, FL 853,382 106 1 0.9 124.21 1.17 24
San Francisco, CA 852,469 32 2 6.3 37.54 2.35 10
Indianapolis, IN 848,788 83 1 1.2 97.79 1.18 23
Columbus, OH 835,957 49 3 6.1 58.62 3.59 5
Fort Worth, TX 812,238 76 1 1.3 93.57 1.23 21
Charlotte, NC 809,958 62 1 1.6 76.55 1.23 22
Detroit, MI 680,250 125 3 2.4 183.76 4.41 4
El Paso, TX 679,036 49 0 0.0 72.16 0.00 27
Seattle, WA 668,342 18 2 11.1 26.93 2.99 7
Denver, CO 663,862 42 3 7.1 63.27 4.52 3
Washington, DC 658,893 23 1 4.3 34.91 1.52 20
Memphis, TN 656,861 89 0 0.0 135.49 0.00 27
Boston, MA 655,884 22 1 4.5 33.54 1.52 20
Nashville-Davidson metropolitan area,TN 644,014 52 0 0.0 80.74 0.00 27
Baltimore, MD 622,793 30 1 3.3 48.17 1.61 19
Oklahoma City, OK 620,602 68 2 2.9 109.57 3.22 6
Portland, OR 619,360 21 0 0.0 33.91 0.00 27
Las Vegas, NV 613,599 39 0 0.0 63.56 0.00 27
Louisville/Jefferson County metropolitan area, KY 612,780 70 1 1.4 114.23 1.63 18
Milwaukee, WI 599,642 50 0 0.0 83.38 0.00 27
Albuquerque, NM 557,169 55 1 1.8 98.71 1.79 16
Tucson, AZ 527,972 51 6 11.8 96.6 11.36 1
Fresno, CA 515,986 21 1 4.8 40.7 1.94 14

(1) Ranked by city population.
(2) Population of 500,000 or more.
(3) Cities with the same pedalist fatality rate per million population receive the same rank.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; U.S. Census Bureau.

 

 

Motorcyclist Fatalities And Fatality Rates, 2005-2014

Year Fatalities Registered
motorcycles
Fatality rate per 100,000
registered motorcycles
Vehicle miles
traveled (millions)
Fatality rate per 100 million
vehicle miles traveled
2005 4,576 6,227,146 73.48 10,454 43.77
2006 4,837 6,678,958 72.42 12,049 40.14
2007 5,174 7,138,476 72.48 21,396 24.18
2008 5,312 7,752,926 68.52 20,811 25.52
2009 4,469 7,929,724 56.36 20,822 21.46
2010 4,518 8,009,503 56.41 18,513 24.40
2011 4,630 8,437,502 54.87 18,542 24.97
2012 4,986 8,454,939 58.97 21,385 23.32
2013 4,692 8,404,687 55.83 20,366 23.04
2014 4,586 8,417,718 54.48 19,970 22.96

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; Federal Highway Administration.

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Motorcyclist Injuries And Injury Rates, 2005-2014

 

Year Injuries Registered
motorcycles
Injury rate per 100,000
registered motorcycles
Vehicle miles
traveled (millions)
Injury rate per 100 million
vehicle miles traveled
2005 87,000 6,227,146 1,402 10,454 835
2006 88,000 6,678,958 1,312 12,049 727
2007 103,000 7,138,476 1,443 21,396 481
2008 96,000 7,752,926 1,238 20,811 461
2009 90,000 7,929,724 1,130 20,822 430
2010 82,000 8,009,503 1,024 18,513 443
2011 81,000 8,437,502 965 18,542 439
2012 93,000 8,454,939 1,099 21,385 434
2013 88,000 8,404,687 1,052 20,366 434
2014 92,000 8,417,718 1,088 19,970 459

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; Federal Highway Administration.

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SPORT INJURIES

Basketball was the most dangerous sport in 2014, with 522,817 injuries reported followed by biking, with 502,104 injuries and football, with 396,457 injuries.

The National Safety Council reports that there were 179,188 swimming injuries treated in emergency rooms in 2014. About 42 percent of the injuries involved children between the ages of five and 14. A report by the Consumer Product Safety Commission found that 174 children between the ages of one and 14 drowned from Memorial Day to Labor Day in 2014. There has been growing concern about the risks of sports-related concussions as lawsuits filed by injured professional football players have generated national headlines. The problem also affects thousands of young people who engage in a variety of sports. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that in 2009, an estimated 248,418 children (age 19 or younger) were treated in U.S. emergency departments for sports and recreation-related injuries that included a diagnosis of concussion or traumatic brain injury.

 

Sports Injuries In The United States, 2014

    Percent of injuries by age
Sport or activity Injuries (1) 0 to 4 5 to 14 15 to 24 25 to 64 65 and over
Basketball  522,817 0.4% 34.3% 47.0% 18.1% 0.2%
Bicycle riding (2) 502,104 4.5 33.8 17.2 38.3 6.2
Football  396,457 0.4 50.6 40.0 8.9 0.1
Exercise (3) 368,904 1.6 12.0 19.3 54.9 12.2
Soccer  239,943 1.1 43.7 38.8 16.4 (4)
Swimming (5) 179,188 9.6 42.4 16.1 26.5 5.4
Baseball  130,376 2.9 49.4 29.4 17.5 0.8
Skateboarding  119,760 0.8 34.0 49.7 15.4 0.1
Weight lifting  100,904 2.5 7.7 32.8 53.6 3.5
Softball  95,465 0.1 31.4 33.1 33.8 1.6
Roller skating (6) 66,601 1.1 56.4 11.3 30.0 1.1
Fishing  66,290 3.7 17.8 16.2 51.6 10.7
Volleyball  52,548 0.1 36.0 41.9 21.4 0.6
Horseback riding  50,688 1.0 20.4 23.0 47.7 7.9
Wrestling  39,700 (4) 41.8 53.3 5.0 (4)
Cheerleading  35,894 0.2 49.7 48.5 1.5 (4)
Gymnastics (7) 34,550 1.8 75.9 19.8 2.4 0.1
Snowboarding  31,847 0.4 23.2 51.3 25.1 (4)
Golf (8) 30,047 3.5 13.2 6.6 40.0 36.6
Martial arts  30,043 0.4 31.7 28.7 38.6 0.6
Track and field 29,484 (4) 39.5 43.5 16.3 0.7
Ice skating (9) 20,127 1.5 45.7 19.5 30.0 3.3
Tennis  19,800 0.3 14.3 19.2 36.3 30.0
Ice hockey  17,627 0.1 36.9 42.0 20.6 0.4
Boxing  16,673 0.1 8.8 43.7 46.8 0.6
Bowling  16,613 9.1 13.8 15.5 45.0 16.6
Rugby  11,925 (4) 6.8 74.7 18.5 (4)
Mountain biking  8,822 (4) 5.5 18.7 74.1 1.8
Snowmobiling  6,641 1.2 2.5 24.5 70.1 1.6
Hockey, field  5,782 1.7 35.8 49.2 13.3 (4)
Mountain climbing  5,395 0.3 8.2 40.0 49.9 1.6
Water skiing  4,807 (4) 9.8 40.1 50.1 (4)
Archery  3,948 2.0 16.9 19.1 50.2 11.9
Billiards, pool  3,500 15.7 14.1 9.1 57.9 3.2
Racquetball, squash and paddleball  3,375 2.2 6.4 21.7 61.0 8.7
Horseshoe pitching (10) 1,449 5.4 6.9 12.4 64.7 10.6
Scuba diving  1,220 1.3 10.8 21.2 65.4 1.3

(1) Treated in hospital emergency departments.
(2) Excludes mountain biking.
(3) Includes exercise equipment (62,665 injuries) and exercise activity (306,239 injuries).
(4) Less than 0.1 percent.
(5) Includes injuries associated with swimming, swimming pools, pool slides, diving or diving boards and swimming pool equipment.
(6) Includes roller skating (54,796 injuries) and in-line skating (11,805 injuries).
(7) Excludes trampolines (104,691 injuries).
(8) Excludes golf carts (15,225 injuries).
(9) Excludes 5,247 injuries in skating, unspecified.
(10) Data for 2013.

Source: National Safety Council. (2016). Injury Facts®, 2016 Edition. Itasca, IL.

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WATERCRAFT ACCIDENTS

Federal law requires owners of recreational boats and watercraft (non-commercial) to register them. In 2014 there were 11.8 million registered recreational watercraft, down from 12.0 million in 2013. A recreational boating accident must be reported to the U.S. Coast Guard if a person dies or is injured and requires medical treatment beyond first aid; if damage to the boat or other property exceeds $2,000; if the boat is lost or if a person disappears from the boat. Out of the 4,064 accidents reported in 2014, 581 occurred in Florida, accounting for 14.3 percent of all incidents. Other states with a high number of accidents were California (379), New York (175), Texas (167) and Missouri (142).

Fatalities increased by 8.9 percent to 610 in 2014 from 560 in 2013. The rate per 100,000 registered watercraft was 5.2, up from 4.7 in 2013. The number of accidents was mostly unchanged in 2014, at 4,064 compared with 4,062 in 2013. Injuries rose to 2,678 in 2014 from 2,620 in 2013, or 2.2 percent. Property damage totaled $39 million in 2014, about the same as in 2013.

The U.S. Coast Guard says that alcohol, combined with typical conditions such as motion, vibration, engine noise, sun, wind and spray can impair a person's abilities much faster than alcohol consumption on land. Operators with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above 0.10 percent are estimated to be more than 10 times more likely to be killed in an accident than operators with zero BAC. Alcohol was the largest primary human factor in boating deaths in 2014 (21 percent of fatalities), causing 108 deaths and 248 injuries in 277 accidents. Other primary contributing factors were operator inexperience, resulting in 44 deaths; and operator inattention, accounting for 38 deaths.

 

Recreational Watercraft Accidents, 2011-2015 (1)

  Accidents Fatalities    
Year Total Involving alcohol
use (2)
Total Involving alcohol
use (2)
Injuries Property damage
($ millions)
2011 4,588 361 758 149 3,081 $52
2012 4,515 368 651 139 3,000 38
2013 4,062 305 560 94 2,620 39
2014 4,064 345 610 137 2,678 39
2015 4,158 306 626 122 2,613 42

(1) Includes accidents involving $2,000 or more in property damage.
(2) The use of alcohol by a boat's occupants was a direct or indirect cause of the accident.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard.

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  • 78 percent of fatal boating accident victims died by drowning in 2014, and of those, 84 percent were not wearing life jackets.
  • The most common types of boats involved in reported accidents in 2014 were open motorboats (47 percent), personal watercraft (17 percent) and cabin motorboats (15 percent).

 

Top 10 States By Recreational Watercraft Accidents, 2015 (1)

Rank State Accidents Deaths  People injured Property damage
($000)
1 Florida 671 52 390 $9,770
2 California 369 48 227 3,101
3 New York 174 16 96 1,120
4 North Carolina 162 20 90 1,492
5 Texas 154 44 105 792
6 Maryland 146 21 125 1,074
7 South Carolina 123 17 80 958
7 New Jersey 122 8 64 134
9 Missouri 109 17 70 817
10 Tennessee 107 13 65 493

(1) Includes accidents involving $2,000 or more in property damage. Includes watercraft such as motorboats and sailboats and other vessels such as jet skis.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard.

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ATV ACCIDENTS

About one in four people (26 percent) injured in accidents involving all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) in 2014 were children under the age of 16, according to the Consumer Product Safety Commission. ATVs are open air vehicles with three, four or six wheels designed for off-road use. A 2013 study by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) found that the prohibition against riding ATVs on public roads is often ignored. On average 316 ATV riders died in crashes on public roads in the United States each year between 2009 and 2013, according to the IIHS. Many states require ATV insurance for vehicles operated on state-owned land.

 

Atv-Related Deaths And Injuries, 2010-2014 (1)

 

  Estimated number of deaths Estimated number of injuries (2)
    Younger than 16   Younger than 16
Year Total Number Percent of total Total  Number Percent of total
2010 654 90 14% 115,000 28,300 25%
2011 626 81 13 107,500 29,000 27
2012 574 67 12 107,900 26,500 25
2013 547 69 13 99,600 25,000 25
2014 385 61 16 93,700 24,800 26

(1) ATVs with 3, 4 or unknown number of wheels.
(2) Emergency room-treated.

Source: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.

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