Watercraft

Watercraft

WATERCRAFT ACCIDENTS

Federal law requires owners of recreational boats and watercraft (non-commercial) to register them. In 2014 there were 11.8 million registered recreational watercraft, down from 12.0 million in 2013. A recreational boating accident must be reported to the U.S. Coast Guard if a person dies or is injured and requires medical treatment beyond first aid; if damage to the boat or other property exceeds $2,000; if the boat is lost or if a person disappears from the boat. Out of the 4,064 accidents reported in 2014, 581 occurred in Florida, accounting for 14.3 percent of all incidents. Other states with a high number of accidents were California (379), New York (175), Texas (167) and Missouri (142).

Fatalities increased by 8.9 percent to 610 in 2014 from 560 in 2013. The rate per 100,000 registered watercraft was 5.2, up from 4.7 in 2013. The number of accidents was mostly unchanged in 2014, at 4,064 compared with 4,062 in 2013. Injuries rose to 2,678 in 2014 from 2,620 in 2013, or 2.2 percent. Property damage totaled $39 million in 2014, about the same as in 2013.

The U.S. Coast Guard says that alcohol, combined with typical conditions such as motion, vibration, engine noise, sun, wind and spray can impair a person's abilities much faster than alcohol consumption on land. Operators with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above 0.10 percent are estimated to be more than 10 times more likely to be killed in an accident than operators with zero BAC. Alcohol was the largest primary human factor in boating deaths in 2014 (21 percent of fatalities), causing 108 deaths and 248 injuries in 277 accidents. Other primary contributing factors were operator inexperience, resulting in 44 deaths; and operator inattention, accounting for 38 deaths.

 

TOP 10 STATES BY RECREATIONAL WATERCRAFT ACCIDENTS, 2014 (1)

Rank State Accidents Deaths People injured Property damage
($000)
1 Florida 581 70 327 $7,387
2 California 379 38 256 2,352
3 New York 175 27 105 1,576
4 Texas 167 39 119 1,527
5 Missouri 142 14 101 1,683
6 Maryland 130 12 96 584
7 North Carolina 124 26 92 845
7 South Carolina 124 14 92 979
9 Washington 122 22 67 2,070
10 Louisiana 113 18 114 626

(1) Includes accidents involving $2,000 or more in property damage. Includes watercraft such as motorboats and sailboats and other vessels such as jet skis.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard.

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WATERCRAFT THEFTS

There were 5,181 watercraft thefts in the United States in 2014, down 6 percent from 2013, according to an analysis of federal government data by the National Insurance Crime Bureau. Watercraft include motor boats, sailboats and other vessels such as jet skis. Of these thefts, 2,140, or 41 percent, were recovered by May 30, 2015. Jet skis (personal watercraft) were the most frequently stolen watercraft, with 1,121 thefts, followed by runabouts (755), utility boats (325), cruisers (186) and sailboats (49). July saw the highest number of reported thefts (667), and February had the fewest (223).

 

TOP 10 STATES BY WATERCRAFT THEFT, 2014

Rank State Thefts (1)
1 Florida 1,290
2 California 507
3 Texas 386
4 Washington 201
5 North Carolina 169
6 Georgia 163
7 Tennessee 159
8 South Carolina 146
9 Arkansas 139
10 Alabama 137

(1) Includes motorboats and sailboats and other vessels such as jet skis.

Source: National Insurance Crime Bureau.

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