Watercraft

Watercraft

WATERCRAFT ACCIDENTS

Federal law requires owners of recreational boats and watercraft (non-commercial) to register them. In 2014 there were 11.8 million registered recreational watercraft, down from 12.0 million in 2013. A recreational boating accident must be reported to the U.S. Coast Guard if a person dies or is injured and requires medical treatment beyond first aid; if damage to the boat or other property exceeds $2,000; if the boat is lost or if a person disappears from the boat. Out of the 4,064 accidents reported in 2014, 581 occurred in Florida, accounting for 14.3 percent of all incidents. Other states with a high number of accidents were California (379), New York (175), Texas (167) and Missouri (142).

Fatalities increased by 8.9 percent to 610 in 2014 from 560 in 2013. The rate per 100,000 registered watercraft was 5.2, up from 4.7 in 2013. The number of accidents was mostly unchanged in 2014, at 4,064 compared with 4,062 in 2013. Injuries rose to 2,678 in 2014 from 2,620 in 2013, or 2.2 percent. Property damage totaled $39 million in 2014, about the same as in 2013.

The U.S. Coast Guard says that alcohol, combined with typical conditions such as motion, vibration, engine noise, sun, wind and spray can impair a person's abilities much faster than alcohol consumption on land. Operators with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above 0.10 percent are estimated to be more than 10 times more likely to be killed in an accident than operators with zero BAC. Alcohol was the largest primary human factor in boating deaths in 2014 (21 percent of fatalities), causing 108 deaths and 248 injuries in 277 accidents. Other primary contributing factors were operator inexperience, resulting in 44 deaths; and operator inattention, accounting for 38 deaths.

 

Top 10 States By Recreational Watercraft Accidents, 2015 (1)

Rank State Accidents Deaths  People injured Property damage
($000)
1 Florida 671 52 390 $9,770
2 California 369 48 227 3,101
3 New York 174 16 96 1,120
4 North Carolina 162 20 90 1,492
5 Texas 154 44 105 792
6 Maryland 146 21 125 1,074
7 South Carolina 123 17 80 958
7 New Jersey 122 8 64 134
9 Missouri 109 17 70 817
10 Tennessee 107 13 65 493

(1) Includes accidents involving $2,000 or more in property damage. Includes watercraft such as motorboats and sailboats and other vessels such as jet skis.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard.

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WATERCRAFT THEFTS

There were 5,031 watercraft thefts in the United States in 2015, down 3 percent from 2014, according to an analysis of federal government data by the National Insurance Crime Bureau. Watercraft include motor boats, sailboats and other vessels such as jet skis. Of these thefts, 2,114, or 42 percent, were recovered by May 15, 2016. Jet skis (personal watercraft) were the most frequently stolen watercraft, with 1,108 thefts, followed by runabouts (678), utility boats (278), cruisers (181) and sailboats (52). July saw the highest number of reported thefts (612), and February had the fewest (251).

 

TOP 10 STATES BY WATERCRAFT THEFT, 2015

Rank State Thefts (1)
1 Florida 1,205
2 Californa 528
3 Texas 399
4 North Carolina 192
5 Washington 173
6 Alabama 171
7 Georgia 170
8 South Carolina 154
9 Louisiana 137
10 Tennessee 119

(1) Watercraft include motorboats and sailboats and other vessels such as jet skis.

Source: National Insurance Crime Bureau.

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