Facts + Statistics: Aggressive driving

Aggressive driving is a major factor in U.S. traffic accidents, playing a role not just in well-publicized incidents of road rage, but in a large number of fatal highway collisions each year. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NTHSA) defines aggressive driving as occurring when "an individual commits a combination of moving traffic offenses so as to endanger other persons or property."

While aggressive driving is difficult to quantify, a 2009 study by the American Automobile Association attempted to identify behaviors associated with aggressive driving, based on data tracked by NHTSA’s Fatal Accident Report System (FARS). It found that aggressive driving played a role in 56 percent of fatal crashes from 2003 through 2007, with excessive speed being the number one factor.  The following driver-related contributing factors in FARS were taken as indications that crashes may have involved aggressive driving:

  • Following improperly
  • Improper or erratic lane changing
  • Illegal driving on road shoulder, in ditch, or on sidewalk or median
  • Passing where prohibited
  • Operating the vehicle in an erratic, reckless, careless, or negligent manner or suddenly changing speeds
  • Failure to yield right of way
  • Failure to obey traffic signs, traffic control devices, or traffic officers, failure to observe safety zone traffic laws
  • Failure to observe warnings or instructions on vehicle displaying them
  • Failure to signal
  • Driving too fast for conditions or in excess of posted speed limit
  • Racing
  • Making an improper turn

Speeding

For more than two decades, speeding has been involved in approximately one-third of all motor vehicle fatalities. In 2016, speeding was a contributing factor in 27 percent of all fatal crashes, and 10,111 lives were lost in speeding-related crashes, according to an analysis by NHTSA. The NHTSA provide guides, planners and information to law enforcement professionals and prosecutors to assist in the reduction of aggressive driving on its website).

 

Driving Behaviors Reported For Drivers And Motorcycle Operators Involved In Fatal Crashes, 2016

Behavior Number Percent
Driving too fast for conditions or in excess of posted limit or racing 9,234 17.8%
Under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or medication 5,592 10.8
Failure to keep in proper lane 3,890 7.5
Failure to yield right of way 3,659 7.0
Distracted (phone, talking, eating, object, etc.) 3,210 6.2
Operating vehicle in a careless manner 2,696 5.2
Failure to obey traffic signs, signals, or officer 2,064 4.0
Operating vehicle in erratic, reckless or negligent manner 2,002 3.9
Overcorrecting/oversteering 1,967 3.8
Vision obscured (rain, snow, glare, lights, building, trees, etc.) 1,566 3.0
Drowsy, asleep, fatigued, ill, or blacked out 1,310 2.5
Swerving or avoiding due to wind, slippery surface, etc. 1,307 2.5
Driving wrong way on one-way traffic or wrong side of road 1,169 2.3
Making improper turn 348 0.7
Other factors 6,130 11.8
None reported 15,970 30.8
Unknown 8,479 16.3
Total drivers (1) 51,914 100.0%

(1) The sum of percentages is greater than total drivers as more than one factor may be present for the same driver.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

View Archived Tables

 

Back to top