Current Table

State Laws Curbing Drunk Driving

(As of October 2017)

        Mandatory ignition interlocks (1)  
  License revocation      First offenders  
State Admin.
Iicense rev./
susp. (2)
Mandatory
90-day
license
rev./
susp. (3)
Open
container
law (4)
All
offenders
All High-BAC
offenders
only (5)
Repeat
offenders
Alabama X X X X X   X
Alaska X X   X X   X
Arizona X X X X X   X
Arkansas X X X X X   X
California X X X   In 4 counties   X
Colorado X X X X X   X
Connecticut X     X X   X
Delaware X X   X X   X
D.C. X   X X X   X
Florida X X X     X X
Georgia X X X       X
Hawaii X X X X X   X
Idaho X X X       X
Illinois X X X X X   X
Indiana X X X        
Iowa X X X     X X
Kansas X   X X X   X
Kentucky     X     X X
Louisiana X X   X X   X
Maine X X X X X   X
Maryland X X X X X   X
Massachusetts X   X       X
Michigan     X     X X
Minnesota X X X     X X
Mississippi X X   X X   X
Missouri X     X  X   X
Montana     X        
Nebraska X X X X X   X
Nevada X X X X* X*   X*
New Hampshire X X X X X   X
New Jersey     X     X X
New Mexico X X X X X   X
New York (6)   X X X   X
North Carolina X   X     X X
North Dakota X X X        
Ohio X X X       X
Oklahoma X X X     X X
Oregon X X X X X   X
Pennsylvania     X     X X
Rhode Island     X X X   X
South Carolina     X     X X
South Dakota     X        
Tennessee       X X   X
Texas X X X X X   X
Utah X X X X X   X
Vermont X X X X X   X
Virginia X   X X X   X
Washington X X X X X   X
West Virginia X X X X X   X
Wisconsin X X X       X
Wyoming X X       X X

(1) Ignition interlock devices analyze a driver's breath for alcohol and disable the ignition if a driver has been drinking. States identified mandate the devices on offenders' vehicles.
(2) On-the-spot drivers license suspension or revocation if blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is over the legal limit or the driver refuses to take a BAC test.
(3) Mandatory penalty for violation of the implied consent law, which means that drivers who refuse to take a breath alcohol test when stopped or arrested for drunk driving will have their license revoked or suspended.
(4) Prohibits unsealed alcohol containers and alcohol consumption in motor vehicle passenger compartments for all occupants. Counts only laws meeting federal requiremements.
(5) Usually 0.15 percent BAC or higher.
(6) Administrative license suspension lasts until prosecution is complete.

*Effective October 1, 2018.

Source: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety; Governors Highway Safety Administration.

 
STATE LAWS CURBING DRUNK DRIVING
  License revocation      
State Admin. Iicense rev./ susp. (1) Mandatory 90-day license rev./ susp. (2) Open container law (3) Prelim. breath test permitted by law DWI plea bargaining prohibited
Alabama X X X    
Alaska X X X (4) X  
Arizona X X X X X
Arkansas X X     X
California X X X X X
Colorado X X X X X
Connecticut X X      
Delaware X X   X  
D.C. X X X X  
Florida X X X X X (5)
Georgia X X X    
Hawaii X X X X (5)  
Idaho X X X    
Illinois X X X X  
Indiana X X X X (5)  
Iowa X X X X  
Kansas X   X (4) X X
Kentucky     X X X (5)
Louisiana X X X    
Maine X X X    
Maryland X   X X  
Massachusetts X X X    
Michigan     X X X (5)
Minnesota X X X X  
Mississippi X X   X X
Missouri X     X  
Montana     X X  
Nebraska X X X X  
Nevada X X X X X
New Hampshire X X X X  
New Jersey     X   X (6)
New Mexico X X X   X (5)
New York (7)   X X X
North Carolina X   X X  
North Dakota X X X X  
Ohio X X X    
Oklahoma X X X (4)    
Oregon X X X   X
Pennsylvania     X X X (5)
Rhode Island     X (4) X  
South Carolina     X    
South Dakota     X X  
Tennessee     X (4)    
Texas X X X    
Utah X X X   X (5)
Vermont X X X X  
Virginia X     X  
Washington X X X    
West Virginia X X   X  
Wisconsin X X X X  
Wyoming X X X   X
(1) On-the-spot drivers license suspension or revocation if BAC is over the legal limit or the driver refuses to take a BAC test.
(2) Mandatory penalty for violation of the implied consent law, which means that drivers who refuse to take a breath alcohol test when stopped or arrested for drunk driving will have their license revoked or suspended.
(3) Prohibits unsealed alcohol containers in motor vehicle passenger compartments for all occupants. Arresting officer not required to witness consumption.
(4) Applies only to the driver.
(5) With limitations or conditions.
(6) Not specifically for drunk driving; Attorney General has established a no plea bargain policy.
(7) Administrative license suspension lasts until prosecution is complete.

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; Insurance Institute for Highway Safety; Property Casualty Insurers Association of America; Insurance Information Institute.