By Steven Weisbart, Chief Economist
The U.S. Labor Department’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) just published data as of April 2018 on detailed insurance industry employment, and the Insurance Information Institute (I.I.I.) website contains updated multi-decade trend data in chart form. (The insurance industry/sector-specific data in our charts are not seasonally adjusted and are one month behind the national data; accordingly, the BLS report released on June 1, 2018 provides national data for May 2018 and industry/sector-specific data for April 2018.) Data for the last few months are preliminary and are often revised later, but revisions are usually small. The I.I.I. slides show employment trends for property/casualty (P/C), life/annuity, health (mainly medical expense) insurers, and reinsurers, agents and brokers, independent claims adjusters, and third-party administrators.
Employment in the general U.S. economy continues to be strong. In April 2018, there were 2.27 million more people employed than a year earlier (+1.55 percent)—an unusually strong increase this late in the business cycle. In the service-sector overall, employment was up by 1.34 percent year-over-year in April 2018. As for the insurance industry, on a year-over-year basis, employment changes in most major segments of the insurance industry were mixed.
For the 12 months ending April 2018, P/C carrier employment fell by 1,400 (-0.3 percent) to 549,800. Taking a slightly longer perspective, employment in the P/C sector has stayed in a small range of 550,000 to 560,000 for the past 26 months.
Employment among life/annuity carriers operates in a similar small range. Employment by life/annuity carriers fell in April 2018 vs. April 2017 (down 5,100, or -0.5 percent) to 344,900. Employment in this segment has fallen or was flat in nine of the last 13 months. Even so, it has remained in the range of 345,000 to 350,000 for 28 consecutive months.
For the 12 months ending in April 2018, health carrier employment rose by 11,400 (+2.3 percent) to 506,800. The health carrier segment had been gaining jobs quite steadily for decades. However, the health carrier sector had a major reclassification beginning in March 2015, which reset the sector’s employment from 517,900 in March 2015 to 457,200 in March 2016. Since then, employment in this sector rose by 49,600 or +10.9 percent.
The agent/broker segment gained 5,600 jobs from April 2018 over April 2017 (up 0.7 percent) to 807,600. Employment growth in this category from 2013 through 2016 was extremely strong. Employment in this segment rose by 31,600 in 2013; by 52,300 in 2014; by 27,400 in 2015; and by 23,600 in 2016. However, the spurt slowed in 2017 (up by 10,200). Employment dropped in January 2018 (down 4,700), but was mostly restored in February (up 4,100), although both March and April 2018 were down months again (-800 and -300, respectively). Some of the 2013-2016 growth might simply have been a recovery from the drop in employment in this segment in the years 2007 to 2011, when employment dropped from 667,200 in January 2007 to 642,500 in February 2011 (down by 24,700).
Among the smaller industry segments, reinsurance carrier employment in the U.S. was up by 400 in April 2018 vs. April 2017 to 26,200. Employment at independent claims-adjusting firms on a year-over-year basis for April 2018 rose by 400 to 60,100. Year-over-year employment in the category of third-party administration of insurance funds rose by 3,100 (1.6 percent) to 191,800. This category has grown quite steadily for more than two decades, though not as fast as employment at medical expense insurers. It was set back slightly by the Great Recession, but has generally added jobs since then. It is currently at an all-time peak, set in March 2018 and tied in April.
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